Wednesday, June 25, 1997
English Notes Semester 2
- What is this thingy?
- start with a statement that could be a sentence itself
- with the simple use of a comma the writer has adde to the
- base clause and additions
- additions are not just decoration, they add detail to the
general base clause
- often carry weight of the sentence meaning
- What does it do?
- power of detail
- use a string of additions or one
- placement - usually follow base but sometimes precede or interrupt
- dense texture v. Thin
- phrasal modifiers and thus it can be misplaced
- Kinds of "Additions"
- Verb Phrase - distinguished by a
gerund (verb: -ing)
- Absolutes - a subject and a verb (-ing);
- Noun Phrase - enumeration
of subobjects; static
- Adjective Phrase - enumeration
- Prepositional Phrase - obvious
Verb Phrase Absolute
He was walking, pacing back and He was walking, his pen bouncing up and
He sat, eagerly anticipating his He sat, his uniform shimmering....
Table 1: Class Examples
- Widow Douglas wanted to
civilize Huckleberry Finn
- Sister to Douglass - Miss Watson, keeps
- Spider for company - Chapter 2
- Slave Jim - hunts around and itches
then kills Tom's plan to tie him to a tree
- Nigger stereotype
- Forms a blood pact gang - kills family of those who squeal
(Huck's "family" = Miss Watson)
- steals and murders; makes plans for ransoming - Chapter 3
- spiritual gifts
- invunerable (magic)
- Chapter 4 - bearing with school
- gives away the money ($6000) (Judge Thatcher
- father comes (Jim's philosophy - 2nd to last
- Chapter 5 - Father doesn't like the civilization
- He wants the money
- Judge Thatcher tries for custody
- Chapter 6 - Dad got drunk with some money, takes off to Illinois
- Liked living in woods - locked up - will win, but trial takes
a long time
- He would get drunk and Huck escape (Pap complains about government
- Pap blames government and free blacks (6 months to freedom,
pre civil war)
- Sleeps and Pap sees snakes
- Chapter 7 - gets up to start breakfast (setting June)
- brings in a drift canoe
- camps out
- drifts down river
- Chapter 8 - too lazy to cook - finds loaves
- Everyone goes to the river
- He likes the woods
- People come - leave
- finds Jim, thinks he's dead, munches together
- Both are running off from Miss Watson
- Jim's escape Story
- Jim's wealth
- Jim Swindled - Chapter 9 - Survey the island
- Setup camp
- grabs stuff off the river including house
- Pillages house
- Chapter 10 - snake bite and superstitions
- Gets huge fish and dresses like a girl
- Talks with lady (60 Judith Loftus)
- Tells Huck Finn story
- Threads needle, name problem
- Throws lead at a rat
- Find out about "George Peters"
- Chapter 12 - Raft improvements and camp
- Gets food at towns
- Steamboat wreck
- Steamboat argument
- More arguing
- Chapter 13 - get away from the steamboat
- Pillages the skiff that they used for the get away
- about family
- passes the wreck
- Chapter 14 - talks about kings and dukes
- Solomon & French
- talk like animals
- Chapter 15 - head to free territory
- lost in fog
- Finds Jim again
- A dream
- Chapter 16 - go to shore
- guilt about Miss Watson
- Jim's plans - white talk of 5 nigger escape
- 2 guys come, think "pap"'s got small pox
- help slave hide - not Cairo
- needs canoe
- raft destoyed
- people find him
- search for Shepherdson
- talks with boy (Buck)
- about the house
- Art and books
- suicidal painting
- Emmeline, poet about the dead
- Chapter 18 - Col. Grangerford
- Grangerford v Shepherdson
- meet Jim & raft
- Miss Sophia ran off
- two dead
- Chapter 19 - live on river
- going down river
- other guys in trouble
- other guy claims nobility
- liars! - Chapter 20 - make up story
- they boss Huck around
- "King" & "Duke" lounge around
- setup for Romeo & Juliet
- finds shed
- takes over preacher's time
- prints phoney stuff so Jim is "a captured runaway"
- Chapter 21 - reherses Romeo & Juliet
- tries Hamlet's soliloquy
- markets the "play"
- goes to the stores
- see pigs and stuff in town
- Boggs - town laughing guy
- Colonel Sherburn kills
Boggs while his daughter watches
- Chapter 22 - Sherburn's man speech
- crowd dies, goes to circus
- "drunk guy" who rides horse
- Huck's show
- Chapter 23 - "show" scam
- Huck on the king
- Jim's family (c150)
- Chapter 24 - Duke wants to roam
- King dressed up
- A Story of Peter and George
- Going to funeral
- Capitalizes on the story
- Chapter 25 - fills the role as friends (c157)
- talks of "their" past
- checks out the will
- gives money to the girls
- gets money to invest for the girls
- Chapter 26 - Huck gets a crumby cubby
- They argue about nonsense at dinner
- Talks about servants & lies
- serches for money
- spies on duke & king
- hids money in bed
- Chapter 27 - Mary Jane cries at coffin
- undertaker screws with the lid
- sells the "niggers"
- they leave
- Chapter 28 - Mary Jane upset about splitting the slave family
- Tells Mary Jane about frauds
- She leaves
- Write a note telling where the money is
- Tells a illness fib
- sets someone up
- plan is ready
- Chapter 29 - meets real guys
- gets proof, bad guys framed
- Lawyer and doctor interrogate Huck, King, and Duke
- handwriting tests and real fails
- tatoo question
- exhumes grave
- finds gold & leaves
- Chapter 30 - King and Duke catch up
- They argue about who stole the money
- Huck is relived.
- Chapter 31 - Talks of other scams
- whites find jim
- huck's regrets about jim
- tries to pray, tries to tell truth
- plans to steal jim back
- King and Duke interrogate Huck as a traitor
- Chapter 32 - Huck sees them lying and goes to Silas Phelps
- The Phelps's is really boring and still
- meets a black family and greeted by Mrs. Phelps
- Calls him Tom Sawyer
- Tricks the husband
- Chapter 33 - meets tom
- helps steal
- Tom plays as William Thompson
- kisses Aunt Sally - she thinks he's 'Sid Sawyer
- Has dinner and stuff
- tells story about what happened
- Chapter 34 - talks over plans to free jim
- inspects around
- tom risk takes
- meets jim during the day
- Chapter 35 - breaks into the shed thing
- have to deal with a chain
- they have a hypothetical discussion
- gets ready to break jim out
- argues hypothetically about digging through rock
- decides to saw
- Chapter 36 - starts digging
- changes to beigger and better tools
- they make contact and will send stuff to Jim via the "guards"
(aunt sally and nat)
- Chapter 37 - missing shirt and candles
- missing sheet and other stuff
- tom schemes and fakes a spoon
- they steal more stuff to make it look alright
- makes rope ladder and pie
- jim got the shipments
- Chapter 38 - leaves coat of arms and inscription for Jim to
- gets grindstone
- tries to get Jim to tame a rattlesnake
- Tries to get Jim to get a rat and water a plant with his tears
- Tom gives up
- Chapter 39 - Aunt Sally finds
- gets snakes and Aunt Sally disciplines them for the snakes
- writes letters that something's a matter
- goes drag to escape, people nervous
- sends the final letter
- Chapter 40 - gets caught snooping in cellar
- gets caught smuggling bread and butter
- goes out of the shed and meets opposition
- Tom got shot, gets doctor
- Chapter 41 - lies badly to the doctor
- Aunt is happy and thinks nigger is crazy
- inspects the cabin
- speculation on how
- Adults go to find "Sid"
- Chapter 42 - Tom and Jim caught
- Jim is locked up and Huck likes Jim
- Everyone Complements Jim
- Tells that they set the trick up
- Jim was already free, they wanted adventure
- Verifies everything (Aunt Polly)
- Chapter The Last (43) - Plans next adventure; pap was in the
floating house, dead
- Puninshment for motive, plot, moral seekers
- facetious - jesting, playfully
- Structure of the novel
- roman fleuve (286, afterword,
- picaresque - episodic tale
- things just happen
- Because some people are offended by the n word
- Kids can't say the word, very sensitive
- ? Racist ? - part of the time period
- Freeing Jim? (Chapter 16) [Sense of Right and Wrong]
- Huck is bothered by his conscience ("what had poor Miss
- has opinions but doesn't know what to do (always had followed
- goes to shore to do something - meets two men on skiff and
tells that dad has small pox
- white guys search for slaves (c87, "what's that yonder")
- explains lies by feeling (c89, "they went on")
- satire - man separated from his children, seen as shameful
(c86, "Jim talked out loud")
- Grangerfords (ch18, c102)
- part of aristocracy, "quality" (aristo- = best)
- honor, chivalric, feud (c105, "feud")
- Twain is mocking these church going, well dressed, aristocracy
which has feuds
- Huck thinks its pretty stupid, (c112, "all of a sudden"
- Duke and the King (c117 "one of these fellows")
- con men
- pokes at the gullible town people
- campmeeting, lies and gets money (c126-127, "well the
first I knowed")
- Shakespeare play (ch21, "all the stores") - bad
- (ch23) the play, three nights, first night - scam
- Second night - another scame
- third night - revenge
- Chapter 25 - impersonates a dead guy's - huck is ashamed of
this lying (as a nigger - stereotype
- Boggs disses sherburn; sherburn kills boggs; town tries to
lynch sherburn (c141, "sherburn never said a word");
gives speech about all men = cowards
- This is not satire because it is not as humorous.
- Insulting the mob (army = mob)
- Chapter 25-27
- The duke and king sponge information to play a dead guy's
- The girl is a harelip (cleft palate).
- They cry and talk up the things.
- They count the money and add the difference. Then they give
it to the daughters.
- Huck sees that the king and duke are smuggling the money,
and Huck wants to steal the money and give it back to the girls.
- He takes the money to his room then the coffin.
- Funeral then sell everything
- Huck blames at the slaves.
- (p171 I say orgies) king's ranting
- What happened to Huck's "Pap"?
- He went away in search of Huck's murderer. Huck finds out
from the lady.
- Who has Huck's $?
- Why is Tom so "into" freeing Jim?
- Why does Huck actually like Miss Watson?
- He doesn't like stealing her slave.
- He didn't like what she made him do.
- She didn't do anything bad to him.
- Why does Tom want to make stealing Jim so complicated?
- Why do Huck and Jim move deeper into slave territory when
they really want to free Jim?
- They missed Cairo and the Ohio.
- They're going to get a steamboat ride.
- How does Jim find out that his daughter is deaf?
- How many aliases does Huck use? What are they?
- Why can't Tom's Aunt and Uncle hear anything they are doing
especially when Tom goes up the stairs instead of the lightning
- Twain just makes it easy.
- Is the knowledge that Huck posseses a realistic one for a
14 year old boy?
- He doesn't know French.
- Where was Jim while Huck was staying with the Grangerfords?
- He was hiding in a swamp or a grove surrounded by water.
- Chapter 38 - 39
- This is the plan to rescue Jim
- Drawn out and long
- Huck is more practical
- Tom gets what he wants and is more of a romantic
- Tom is playing with Jim and the family (This may be considered
- Nat, a slave of the Aunt and Uncle,
- Textbook Context p424-434
- Railroads had eaten up the last of the American Fronteir.
- The population skyrocketed as immigrants came in.
- Writers could move a lot and thus could write in many settings
- The land was gone by 1890
- Fronteir literature influenced Americans
- Everyone liked the US despite the depression and the scum
of American society.
- Realism, still popular today, was a revolt
against Romantics. (Twain)
- Some people opposed realism.
- Realistic writers had to find inspiration in real things and
some went to naturalism.
- There was regionalism too.
- Poets were all wild and couldn't be catagorized
- Maybe the characteristic mode of expression of a first-person
narrator. Sometimes possibly refers to the total, individualistic
effect of all the devices a writer habitually employs, the
combinationof tactics that distringuishes his work of fiction
from others. - personality of the narrator
- "Style" - diction -
the choice or arraignment of words
- satire - mocking, to bring about
reform, exaggerate deformities
- See Textbook 442-443 & Handout 3-10-97
- This was inspired by a poor white boy, Sociable Jimmy.
- There are striking similarities in powerful (adv), drownded,
present paritciples, drunk father & no mother, dead animals,
- Americans thought that novels had to be grand, but speech
- This speech was remarkable as the imagery of Poe.
- Hemmingway used this misspelling dialect.
- "All modern American literature comes from a book by
Mark Twain calle Huckleberry Finn." -- Ernest Hemmingway
- stardard native language of a country or locality; the everyday
language spoken by a people as distinguised from the literary
- See History Book and look at Mark Twain
- genteel tradition - Victorian high culture and fine art coupled
with refined manner - Twain said, "literature and all that
- See 173 "I slipped up to bed" - it's hard to read,
spelling, syntax, and contractions
- odd contractions - King'll
- odd grammar - I says, after I had took so much
- distoreted phrase - on accounds of
- new phrases - I slipped up to bed, I wanted to slide down
- distoreted words - dasn't, catched, resk, ruther
- new words - smouch
- Father beat him
- street smart (c?,23, "drowned man")
- stubborn - resists autority
- values freedom
- creative & resourceful
- (c5,16, "Miss Watson she kept") superstitious, lonely,
nature boy (reads signs)
- (c15,24,"A-rabs"; "magician") Huck is
sensible; Tom is the dreamer, romantic.
- See Jim for more info
- Understanding of Jim (126 c150 "what was the use")
- sees missing wife and children
- sees parts of white people in Jim
- (c27,34) "this is a wonderful govment" - Twain's
satire mocking attitude [Voice] - abt professor (Black) should
- Stealing & morality
- "borrow" things out of necessity (c64-65, "every
night now" "steamboat captains")
- "borrowing" Jim
- helps by getting help, doesn't feel bad about the dead (c73,
ch13, "I struck for the light")
- He's a liar (out of necessity)
- See pre-Map information
- He wants to give back the money (ch27) because he's decent.
- Huck's reflection on lying. Sometimes the truth is better.
"I see I had spoke" (c180)
- Sterotype of Blacks
- Superstition - Hairball (c18,26 "hair-ball") - practical
- Similarities to Huck
- values freedom
- nature boy (ch 9)
- Huck's tricks
- The hat
- Dead rattle snake
- fog dream (c83-84,77-78)
- Huck has friendship and respect to Jim (c83-84,77-78)
- (p179 because mary jane) they, king and duke, think blacks
will when they do the stealing.
- Nat, Aunt Sally's slave
- Tom and Huck manipulates Nat. (c226, c240, "this nigger
- He is superstitious and believes whatever Tom says.
- History Text 365-366 (minstrel tradition)
- vehicle for freedom
- journey, "quest," emotional and psycological
- Heraclitus - life is like a river, you never step in the same
- river = god - provider - bread, house, raft, canoe
- Jim as a human
- Sensitive, misses wife and children (126 c150 "what was
the use") - deaf daughter
- See Pre-map Grangerford
- Confederate Deserter
- writes about brutality
(c35,40 "I didn't lose")
- a literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through
irony, derison or wit
- irony, verbal - when the literal
meaning differs from the intended meaning
- writing that ridicules or criticizes induviduals ,ideas, insitutions,
social conventions .. (social issues?) [text p1171]
- How to make it
- Social issue
- characterize a type of person
- death penalty
- Poor Children
- Mother beg to feed
- Grow up and become theifs
- Too many
- Murder - no
- Eat them
- Dining menu
- Best in March
- 10 shillings to buy alive
- use skin for gloves
- from Formosa, sold girl who tried to poison the king
- will help pay landlords
- gets rid of dangerous enemies, catholics
- gets rid of child maintenence charge
- taverns get business
- makes marridges and children more precious
- better than pig
- this is a good idea and don't kill it until you've tried it
- gets food for people
- reduces debt of the masses
- "better to be happy than to have misfortune"
- proposes solutions to the problem
- Thin People
- always doing something
- crunchy and dull
- aren't fun
- seek truth
- stiff (humor)
- Fat People
- lazy, enjoys life
- hearty laugh
- illogic (world not perfect)
- no truth
- Make the paragraph the unite of composition
In a narrative, your structure is chronological organization.
We'll be looking at three types of paragraphs:
- Coordinate sequence
- The topic sentence will be designated level one.
- The other sentences will be designated level two.
- Class enumerating style dictates that one numbers the sentences
flush left using "abc..." and the level numbers are
on the right, indented as necessary.
- Example: Being a student means you're in for a difficult time.
You always have to sit still in long classes. You're homework
must be turned in on time. Interacting with tons of people, you
have to be a secretary. Students have to produce masses of documents.
They have to get ready to become productive members of society.
Delivering presentations, reports, papers, and solutions, students
must be multi-purpose and many-skilled. Worrying about their future
in school, students have to work to meet tuition. Students have
to compete with other students to get their jobs and colleges.
Volunteering, students must work around their strict school schedules.
- Subordinate sequence
- This increasess detail or follows a train of thought or narration.
- Example: Why I want to go to college? - I want to go to college.
College has cool professors. Professors do exciting and breakthrough
research. Research contributes to the accumulated world knowledge.
I can learn from the "makers" of world knowledge. Being
informed about what happens in the research fields allows me to
do whatever drudgery, quickly, and effeciently.
- Mixed sequence
- Combine subordinate and coordinate paragraphs
Written by Harte, Bret, this story fits
under Realism and the Frontier. He wrote about the post-Civil
War West. His stories were cool and he made money, however, when
he went West, he was less successful when he moved East. He wrote
as a Regionalism person and tried
to capture his region.
Mr. John Oakhurst is kicked out of Poker Flat. The exiles go to
the Sierras. Tom Simpson, a young eloper with Piney, a 15 year
old girl, joins the group with supplies. They get snowed in and
Uncle Billy took stuff. They sing and do stuff because they're
trapped. Starting story telling, Piney read the Iliad.
The trees didn't have good wood and they were tired. They have
lss and less fuel and they die.
The class finds that this story is authentically regional. There
are mountains. Granite cliffs were also there. The scale of the
landscape was important. The people are social outcasts. This
is different from the normal literature in the time which used
middle class people. The East thought that the West was lawless.
Sometimes known as the "local color" movement. This
includes landscape, people, culture, as exampled by habits, speech,
appearances, customs. Questions about regionalism include why,
what type of curiosity, is it democratic, where was it, was it
multicultural. It worked in the West, the South: Creek and Cajun,
and also in New England. People not going West wanted to know
about this. The people in the east were curious about the country.
There was also this colonization aspect in that the people in
the cultural capitals of Boston and New York were curious as people
were migrating into the other parts of the country; thus civilizing
it and "colonizing" the frontier with their culture.
"At its very best Regional writing transcend the region and
becomes part of the national literature." -- Kate Chopin,
not a regionalist. A lot of the regional literature has remained
in the background even today. Those unknown books were then really
This is a story by Crane, Stephen.
He is a naturalist and was well acclaimed. His work included The
Red Badge of Courage (1895) and War is Kind, an anthology
of poems (1899). He only lived to be 28. Realism
is where they became cynical and naturalism
is where they went ordinary and a little scientific.
(I) The boat is in a storm and compared to a bronco. They head
toward the rescue place. (II) They see gulls and encounter seaweed
and finally a light house. (III) They approach and remember that
the rescue station was abandoned. They don't get rescued. (IV)
They contimplate dying. They find a stupid tourist waving about.
Night fall and the oiler and correspondent switch off rowing.
(V) They go into the night. (VI) Some memories come back. (VII)
They find a village. The boat sinks and they swim. The correspondent
is in a current. They get rescued.
There was the sea gull eating theory (507) and the shark (515)
which threaten the men. The captain was injured and the cook didn't
row. The men had a "subtle brotherhood" and they were
polite. The captain waves the rescuer to the other men.
Some questions include, identifing passages where Crane says his
views, how is it naturalist, and counter the statement that the
characters were conditioned. It is naturalist because people were
being manipulated by forces of nature beyond their control. See
507 right column first full paragraph. See 513 right column second
full paragraph from the bottom. The situtation is significantly
screwed up so that it is an environment where visions, revelations,
and epiphanies are easily encountered. This such spiritual experience,
and considering the environment of the friendly dinghy, the correspondent
remembers kindly upon this experience.
Realism and naturalism is defined in the book. Realism tries to
reflect reality accurately. Naturalism is a subset of realism
and it is fatalist. "They had a comprehensive view of existence."
Both styles are pessimistic. Naturalists were a bit more pessimistic.
Naturalists wind up glorifying the intrinsic and precious human
Carl Sandburg served as a soldier and later a novelist. The Great
War made the US think more of Europe. Motivating factors included
the sinking of the Lusitania where 128 Americans died.
The end of the Great War saw the prohibition and organized crime,
and even later, unemployment would become rampant. World War II
ends this era and the US winds up again, saving the world.
There was a feeling uncertainity with WWI. This was a departure
from the Progessive do it all scheme. Themes were hidden in images.
Imagism (1909-1917) went agaisnt the
sentimentality of 19th century poetry. Some writers were expatriates
and moved to Paris.They statred the stream-of-conciousness
narration and other new ways of expression. Americans also were
known to the world. Lewis, Sinclair was one honored with the Nobel
Prize for Literature. There was also the Harlem Renaissance
where Hughes, Langston wrote. This was not a coherent movement.
Humor from White, E. B. and Rogers, Will also entered society.
- Hemmingway, Ernest
- Steinbeck, John
- O'Neill, Eugene
- Buck, Pearl S.
Chapter 1: The narrator is Nick Carraway who graduated from New
Haven in 1915. Cynical and accusing of everyone being plagarists,
Mr. Carraway imposes his ideas on everyone but Gatsby. He grew
up mid-western and lived in the West Egg Village. He went to the
East Egg to have dinner with Tom Buchanan and Daisy, his second
degree married cousin. He meets Miss Jordan Baker who will play
"tomorrow" in a tournament at Westchester (23). The
narrator feels uncivilized and Tom points out cynically that civilization
is falling apart accoding to The Rise of the Coloured Empires.
There is the story of the butler's nose in polishing silver.
Chapter 2: We get introduced to Mrs. Wilson; Mr. Wilson, a photographer;
Myrtle, the mistress; Catherine; and Mrs. McKee. Mrs. Wilson changes
her clothes a lot. Tom goes with Mrs. Wilson, shopping, buys a
dog. Mrs. Wilson is in her mid-thirties and fat but pleasing.
Catherine says Tom and Daisy don't like each other but Daisy is
Catholic and can't divorce. (Daisy, according to the narrator,
is not Catholic.) Tom gives Mrs. Wilson a bloody nose.
Chapter 3: Nick goes to Gatsby's party. It has chauffeurs and
Rolls Royces with a hhuge orchestra. People who were not invited
came anyway. He found Jordan, but not his host. They chit chat
and say that Gatsby was in the army and had killed a man. He chats
with a man, not knowing its Gatsby only to find out mid conversation.
He talks about books and hydroplanes. The orchestra plays a really
new piece. Jordan cries and Gatsby and her walk out and the call
her aunt. He sees a small accident where a wheel of a car falls
off. Gloomy and lost, Nick wanders, looking at romantic women
and just doing nothing really. He meets Jordan Baker and finally
recalls the scandal and notes her dishonesty, but he forgets the
dishonest part. He's curious.
Chapter 4: Nick analyses who goes to Gatsby's parties. Gatsby
takes him on a car trip where he tells his story of his San Francisco
family dying and leaving money, going to the war hoping to die
but winding up heroically pushing far into enemy territory, and
just wandering, trying to forget the pain and sorrow. We learn
about Gatsby from Mr. Wolshiem who rigged the 1919 World Series.
He learns about Daisy's history and how Gatsby really is obsessive
about her. He kisses Jordan.
Chapter 5: Gatsby and Nick arrange a meeting time. While it rains,
they talk about how his house looks and Daisy comes. After sending
the driver away, Gatsby and Daisy talk and explore the house.
Gatsby is nervous and they sit down to hear Klipspringer, Ewing,
the room renter, play the piano.
Chapter 6: Gatsby, Jay's real name was Gatz, James who changed
it when he was 17. He was making a living fishing and working
for rich Cody, Dan. He helped Dan with his yacht, but Dan died
after Ella Kaye came on board. She got most of the money. Nick,
Tom, and Gatsby sit down and Nick learns about Gatsby and Daisy
from Gatsby. Gatsby accepts the "facetious" invitation
to dinner from Mrs. Sloane. Daisy and Gatsby dance and they talk
about the Sloanes. Nick sees drunk Mrs. Baedeker. They speculate
that Gatsby is a bootlegger and Gatsby consults Nick about Daisy
and if she was bored.
Chapter 7: Gatsby fired all of his servants. Feeling the hot weather,
the characters hang out to chill. They talk about Tom and his
girlfriend and his break up. Daisy kisses Gatsby. Tom insists
on going to town and seems to know about Gatsby and Daisy. After
deciding who rides in whose car, Nick, Jordan, and Tom zoom off.
They see the Wilsons at the gas station and Myrtle glares at Jordan,
thinking she's Tom's wife. The feel hot at the park. They get
to the heart of the problem and ask Daisy who she loves. After
initially being stopped, Nick and Jordan leave. There is some
greek gu named Michaelis. Myrtle is run over by Daisy.
Chapter 8: Nick wants Gastby to take a vacation so that his car
isn't implicated in the Myrtle run over. Gatsby hangs with Daisy
and doesn't really know her other than being "married."
There is the history of their relationship. Conversing with Jordan,
Nick ponders the situation. George Wilson and Michaelis talk about
the family. Mr. Wilson is found dead in Gatsby's shrubs.
Chapter 9: Gatsby's dead and Nick aids with the post mortem arraigments.Tom
and Daisy went away and Wolfsheim can't come. Mr. Gatz comes to
in response to an article in the Chicago newspaper. Nick meets
Mr. Wolfsheim and hears the story. Wolfsheim won't come and Nick
and Mr. Gatz see the last resolves of Jay Gatsby. No one but a
thick glassed person comes to the private funeral. Nick notices
that everything had been a sham and that they were all from the
West. Jordan is going to marry another person. He talks with Tom
who thinks Gatsby was a trickster and messed up everyone.
There are a lot of ways to approach this book. The class feels
that the first few pages were boring. There is really a lot of
good stuff, good writing in the first chapter. One must understand
the narrator because he is the one telling the story. He isn't
a third person narrator because he details his life and Gatsby.
Tom, Nick Carraway (narrator), Daisy, Jordan, and Gatsby are the
five main characters. Get into groups of three and find for each
of the five main characters, three observations or insights into
their character. You may have to infer their character. There
is also general wisdom in the first chapter. Find three aphorisms.
- Character Observations
- self absorbed
- Louisville, Kentucky
- Nick had heard an unpleasant story about hear (23)
- supercilious (11)
- civilization is going to die (17)
- has a mistress
- pessimist (21)
- Louisville, Kentucky
- wishes well-roundedness
- hates midwest
- is a rose 19
- not boring
- Conduct may be founded on hard rock or the wet marshes...
- personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures 6
- an evening [hurries] from phase to phase toward its close
in a continually disappointed anticipation or else in sheer nervous
dread of the moment itself. 17
This is taking place in the east and he is telling the story while
being in the midwest. The west is anything beyond the Appalachians.
Nick lives in the poorer less fashionable West Egg. They all came
from the West.
On page 6, there are some mysteries posed. It said that Gatsby
represented everything in men of unaffected scorn. Do we know
enough about Nick yet to even guess what he's talking about? No,
we don't, it poses a mystery, but Gatsby represents this. There
is a contradiction, if Gatsby represents everything of unaffected
scorn, then why should Gatsby be exempt from Nick's reaction.
What is "it" that preyed on Gatsby. We haven't really
met the guy yet. These are mysteries related to the whole heart
of the book.
A lesser mystery is hidden in the meaning of the sentence. The
sentence, "If personaliity is an unbroken series of successful
gestures, the there was something gorgeous about him..."
is the other mystery. This tells that Gatsby
is a smooth and slick guy. Gatsby had an extraordinary gift
of hope. He opitomized the man of his decade.
This book takes place in the Jazz Age
which was an era of possibility and aspiration.
Memoir or observer narration
is where the narrator is telling the story in first person
but the focus is on a third person. This is the point of view
used in The Great Gatsby. An observer narration is "told
by someone who knows the third person's story and resonates with
it to the point of mythifying. This resonance is the key to why
one person tells another story."
Rumors about Gatsby include that he killed somebody. He could
be a German spy and a relative of Kaiser Wilhelm and he went to
Oxford. We do know that he has a huge house and lavish parties.
He was in the same division in the US army as Nick. (52, "he
smiled understandingly") He's all fluff and he isn't sincere.
He's impersonal (57, "Don't mention it").
Nick wants to laugh because the story sounds like it's from a
cheap novel (Page 68). Gatsby hasn't been real. He carries a medal
and photo. Gatsby wants to meet Daisy (Page 72). Mr. Wolfshiem
was a Jewish gambler with human molar cuff links who rigged
the 1919 World Series. He is sentimental and mobster.
Nick who is one of the few honest people he knows and Jordan who
is incurably dishonest make an odd couple (Page 62). Also she
says she's careless and it is implied that Nick is careful, maybe
too careful. Can we trust the narrator? Jordan had told of Daisy
and Gatsby and hookin' 'em up (Page 84). Daisy liked Gatsby when
he was in the army. She married Tom and gets drunk.
Gatsby's motivation was to show off the house and possesions and
thus win over Daisy. He wants to be somebody and thus have Daisy,
who had been unfairly taken by rich Tom. Gatsby wanted Daisy to
say she didn't like Tom anymore (116). Tom wanted to acquire something.
Nick remarks that Gatsby dreamed more than Daisy (101). He wanted
to be somebody from a fisherman to being great Jay Gatsby. [Look
at the line "Daisy, you make me feel so uncivilized."]
We see his self-invention and his aspirations on page 104-105.
"This came from his culture during the 1920s where money
and success was the key." [Perhaps Dan Cody] Horatio Alger
wrote Ragged Dick which was a rags to riches stories. Speaking
metaphorically on Gatsby's heart, Fitzgerald tells us that his
heart is riotous with imagination and dreams (105). On page 117,
Gatsby kisses Daisy and she is the incarnation of his dreams (117,
last paragraph). Daisy's voice is money (127). It makes it seem
like fairy tale. "He is son of God" (104). Gastby wanted
to have a chance at Daisy.
The symbols of Daisy's voive has references on 13 "I looked
back...voice," 114 "Daisy began to sing," 111 "They
arrived at...voice," 90 "the exhilerating ripple,"
and 19 "The butler...voice." The symbol of the house
has references in 43 "The music," 86, "When I came
home," 96 second